The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 27 European countries, 2 North American countries, and 1 Eurasian country. The organization implements the North Atlantic Treaty that was signed on 4 April 1949.
NATO constitutes a system of collective security, whereby its independent member states agree to mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party. The NATO headquarters are located in Brussels, Belgium, while the headquarters of Allied Command Operations is near Mons, Belgium.
Since its founding, the admission of new member states has increased the alliance from the original 12 countries to 30. The most recent member state to be added to NATO was North Macedonia on 27 March 2020. NATO currently recognizes Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, and Ukraine as aspiring members. An additional 20 countries participate in NATO’s Partnership for Peace program, with 15 other countries involved in institutionalized dialogue programs. The combined military spending of all NATO members in 2020 constituted over 57% of the global nominal total. Members agreed that their aim is to reach or maintain the target defense spending of at least 2% of their GDP by 2024.
Contents of this post
What is the meaning of Nato?
This is an organization implements the North Atlantic Treaty that was signed on 4 April 1949. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 27 European countries, 2 North American countries, and 1 Eurasian country.
Who is the member of Nato?
Here is the updated list of Nato Members at Present- There are 30 members with 27 in Europe, two in North America, and one in Eurasia. Here they are in alphabetical order with the year they joined:
1. Albania (2009)
2. Belgium (1949)
3. Bulgaria (2004)
4. Canada (1949)
5. Croatia (2009)
6. Czech Republic (1999)
7. Denmark (1949)
8. Estonia (2004)
9. France (1949)
10. Germany (1955)
11. Greece (1952)
12. Hungary (1999)
13. Iceland (1949)
14. Italy (1949)
15. Latvia (2004)
16. Lithuania (2004)
17. Luxembourg (1949)
18. Montenegro (2017)
19. Netherlands (1949)
20. North Macedonia (2020)
21. Norway (1949)
22. Poland (1999)
23. Portugal (1949)
24. Romania (2004)
25. Slovakia (2004)
26. Slovenia (2004)
27. Spain (1982)
28. Turkey (1952)
29. The United Kingdom (1949)
30. The United States (1949)
Is Ukraine likely to join N.A.T.O?
- Given Ukraine’s current instability, The North Atlantic Treaty Organization membership will not happen any time soon. A new country has to be unanimously approved by Nato members and factors taken into account will include among others “unresolved external territorial disputes”.
- Ukraine, however, has had a partnership with The North Atlantic Treaty Organization since 1992.
- In 1997 Nato then established a Ukraine-Nato commission which allowed for discussion on security issues and enabled the furthering of the Nato-Ukraine relationship without a formal membership agreement, explains Alastair Kocho-Williams, Professor of History, at Clarkson University in the United States.
- He adds if Ukraine were to join The North Atlantic Treaty Organization it would “significantly increase Ukraine’s international military backing, allowing for Nato military action within Ukraine and alongside members of its military.
Why does Russia oppose Ukraine’s wish to join Nato?
- Russia sees Ukraine’s wish to join Nato and its deepening ties with the EU as further signs that it is “losing” the country to the West.
- President Putin sees Ukraine’s wish to join Nato as a threat to Russia’s borders and its sphere of influence.
- Former Soviet states Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania have already joined Nato, meaning that of the 30 member countries five border Russia.
- In December last year, Mr Putin said Russia will seek “reliable and long-term security guarantees” from the US and its allies “that would exclude any further Nato moves eastward and the deployment of weapons systems that threaten us in close vicinity to Russian territory.”
- And on Monday in an angry televised address from the Kremlin, President Putin said: “Ukraine is an inalienable part of our own history, culture and spiritual space. These are our comrades, those dearest to us – not only colleagues, friends and people who once served together, but also relatives, people bound by blood, by family ties.”
- Why, he continued, did Nato make an enemy of Russia?
- He warned the West: “You didn’t want us to be friends, but you didn’t have to make an enemy of us.”
What is NATO’s job?
NATO’s purpose is to guarantee the freedom and security of its members through political and military means. POLITICAL – NATO promotes democratic values and enables members to consult and cooperate on defense and security-related issues to solve problems, build trust and, in the long run, prevent conflict.
Who controls NATO?
NATO’s Command Structure is under the authority of the Military Committee, NATO’s highest military authority composed of the Chiefs of Defence of all twenty-nine member countries. The NCS consists of two strategic commands: Allied Command Operations (ACO) and Allied Command Transformation (ACT).